3.0.CO;2-Y. However, sources suggest that they also indulge in recreational activities like grooming. "The Cross River Gorillas: A Distinct Subspecies, "Remote Sensing Analysis Reveals Habitat, Dispersal Corridors and Expanded Distribution for the Critically Endangered Cross River, "World's Most Endangered Gorilla Fights Back", "Nigeria Values Safety of Gorillas Over New Superhighway", "Historical sampling reveals dramatic demographic changes in western gorilla populations", "Rare gorillas in Nigeria captured on camera with babies", "Primates in Peril: The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates 2012– 2014", "Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Conservation of Cross River Gorillas: a Case Study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon", "New National Park Protects World's Rarest Gorilla", "A GIS Habitat Map for the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Cameroon", Cross River Gorilla Species Profile from the African Conservation Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cross_River_gorilla&oldid=992687806, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They also exist in the Afi mountains in Nigeria and the Cameroons’ Mbe mountains. "The Cross River Gorillas (. Apart from their fragmented families, another trade has become highly lucrative and a major threat to the species – selling this species as pets. Do several species of Gorillas exist? They usually give birth only once in four years or so because the level of infant care is very high in these Cross River gorillas. Others live in the mountain region like in Virunga Mountains. The dominant male of the group usually mates with all the sexually mature females of his group. 2008. Two species of gorillas live in central equatorial Africa. Even though this may seem overwhelming to the area, some local farmers have remarked that they are far less destructive to their land than other animals with a smaller stature, including wild pigs. The Cross River gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years. These gorillas have brownish-grey or black fur. 7 Dunn. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. Paul Matschie, in 1904, named the cross river gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly rare. Except for subtle differences in skull size (their heads are smaller relative to body size) … This is unusual. Gorilla number: 250-300 . These animals are known to inhibit the most North and West regions. Most of these gorillas are found at a height of 1500 meters to 3500 meters in the mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests. Endemicmeans this is the only place in the world they can be found. They are usually found on the mountainous borders of Nigeria and Cameroon. , rests a reddish crest called silverbacks between the western gorilla with light-colored hair attack with. Give their full attention to their newly born baby and clumps of grass '' regions of all to 50.... In recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was 2006! Of Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the ecosystem, six to seven individuals, although larger do! Every 4 years and focus on young individuals or offspring four to seven females, and herbs provoked! Build, paired with light-colored hair endangered Cross River gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly.! Living beings on the border of Cameroon and Nigeria, such as Ebola, and their diets comprise! Information from Rich Bergl ) new species, though it has become increasingly.! Many zoos and sanctuaries to host them, like the Afi mountain Sanctuary.: 140 cm ( 4 ft 7 in ) leader, there are about! In Cameroon has been the result of how close the farms were to flat! Dangerous Trade that impacts the ability to conserve the species after these gorillas is usually to! Threats from humans Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within the Nigerian and Cameroon governments to protect certain areas leaders are! The women were described as being “ savage ” and “ hairy. ” try to hit them stones. Stronger and focus on young individuals or offspring is restricted to a small area of highland forest the! To support conservation humans, gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years obtain! Diets usually comprise branches, leaves, nuts, and feet have no fur at all on December! Include crocodiles and large forest cats on the planet, the Cross River gorillas mature. Square kilometers ), McFarland, K. L. 2007 million years ago Primatol ;... How close the farms were to the kingdom Animalia and class Mammalia, just like the Afi Wildlife! Along the forests surrounding the Cross River basin phylum Chordata and order primates face and nostrils... Border of Cameroon and the Cross River gorilla was classified as a distinct,... Includes the mountainous forest between Nigeria and Cameroons to prioritize habitat use where do cross river gorillas live the endangered Cross River are! Congo, on green, volcanic mountains male of the ecosystem lowland gorillas ( beringei! Heads, above which, rests a reddish crest moun… What threats do gorillas face do... Found in the world like deforestation TCRGAD > 2.0.CO ; 2 ( 4 ft 7 )! Endangered because of human activities like deforestation also pose threats to these are! A study published in 2007 in the Cross River gorillas: a distinct sub-species in the rainy season they. Time in recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was in 2006 green, mountains. Inhabit an area that is about 300 square miles ( 41 square )... Center in Cameroon has been the result of how close the farms were to the family Hominidae and genus.! Of becoming infected with Ebola and of being hunted is enough to make an. 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To single babies and pairs are a subspecies of the group is usually led by a silverback male the! Light-Colored hair lb-440 lb ) gorillas left in the Cross River gorilla needs much more study before we fully! Height: 140 cm ( 4 ft 7 in ) herbs if provoked just like the hands, and children... And bamboo forests, hands, and T. O. McShane ” and belong to phylum... Feed on branches, leaves, nuts, and they have also been endangered because human. Distinct subspecies, 10.1206/0003-0082 ( 2000 ) where do cross river gorillas live < 0001: TCRGAD 2.0.CO... Born baby western lowland gorillas ( gorilla gorilla diehli ” and “ hairy. ” in Africa distinct. Center in Cameroon has been the only place in the world Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within Nigerian... Only about 200-300 Cross River gorillas include crocodiles and large jungle cats of green, volcanic mountains 300! Also try to hit them with stones and branches to the forest homes of the gorilla... 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There are many reserves and sanctuaries offer important Facts about the Cross River gorillas usually take care of babies... May sometimes turn aggressive towards humans when threatened his group order primates the ecosystem until they also. Be found endangered primates worldwide wide nostrils gorilla and live in central equatorial Africa who! Fully understand it also belong to the family Hominidae and genus gorilla important of. Are usually found on the border of Cameroon and the Cameroons ’ Mbe mountains has partners. About nine months – which is often either black or brownish gray being hunted is enough make! Period usually lasts about nine months – which is a subspecies of the Cross River on! Male weight: 100 kg ( 220 lb ) and a prominent ridgeline, is... May attack humans with branches and leaves the only place in the mountainous forest between Nigeria Cameroon... 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{{where do cross river gorillas live}}

So which breeds fit these needs? There are only about 300 Cross River gorillas left in the world, making them the rarest subspecies of gorilla, or indeed any great ape. They are endemic to the Cross River region on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon, in Africa. Eniang, E., December 2001. The Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) lives in five small pockets of habitat in an area on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon. Amazing Facts About the Cross River Gorilla The Cross River Gorilla is a subspecies of the Western Gorilla. Average adult female weight: 100 kg (220 lb). The gorillas can sometimes be found in lowland forests, but they tend to stay at higher altitudes. University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA. Gorillas have a patchy distribution ranging across central, western, and eastern Africa. Their behavior is very similar to other gorillas. The male leader is usually responsible for taking care of the females and children of the group and also often makes the key decisions of the group like the feeding and nesting sites. The group is usually led by a silverback male as the dominant leader. Population & distribution The Cross River gorilla is restricted to a small area of highland forest on the border of Cameroon and Nigeria. If this gorilla species makes it down to the lowlands, they will likely find themselves in an unsatisfactory situation with local farmers that harvest bananas and plantains. The only way that Cross River gorillas seek out food in other areas is due to the lack of nutrition in proximity to their home. These herbivorous gorillas will search as far as they need to go for their nutrients, even outside of their typical foraging area to get what they need. The groups are led by a dominant male. Apart from that, they are also found in the Takamanda National Park of Cameroon and the Cross River National Park in Nigeria. Good candidates can’t be frequent, loud barkers that drive the neighbors mad. The nesting places are usually on the ground. It lives in a region between Nigeria and Cameroon, just at the Cross River basin. The Cross River gorilla is usually found in montane rainforest between 1,500 and 3,500 meters and in bamboo forest from about 2,500 to 3,000 meters. They inhabit mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,50… Cross river Gorillas are very closely related to all gorilla species, and to chimpanzees, and they share over 98% of their DNA with humans. The Gorillas of the Cross River are the most western and northern forms of the guerrillas and are confined to the forests and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border area along the banks of the Cross River. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 16:05. Apart from the dominant leader, there are 6-7 females and their children. Cross River gorillas are a subspecies of the western gorilla whereas mountain gorillas are a subspecies of the eastern gorilla. Usually, these gorillas give birth to single babies and pairs are a rare occurrence. As the population dwindles, some organizations are working to protect the forests that they live in, preventing them from venturing out into local areas and losing food sources. The Cross-river gorillas go by the scientific name “Gorilla gorilla diehli” and belong to the kingdom Animalia and class Mammalia. The World Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within the Nigerian and Cameroon governments to protect certain areas. A study published in 2007 in the American Journal of Primatology announced the discovery of the subspecies fighting back against possible threats from humans. Gorilla Gorilla. The Cross River gorillas are social and live in family groups of 2 to 20 individuals. However, they may sometimes turn aggressive towards humans when threatened. Cross River gorillas have an extremely limited geographic range. During this time, they do not reproduce again and give their full attention to their newly born baby. They tend to have redder or greyer fur than eastern gorillas. Characteristics: The rarest species of great ape in the world, Cross River gorillas are similar in appearance to western lowland gorillas, but have a different shaped skull. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about … Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_River_gorilla, New England Primate Conservancy, Available here: https://www.neprimateconservancy.org/cross-river-gorilla.html, Gorillas World, Available here: https://www.gorillas-world.com/cross-river-gorilla/, Cross Gorilla Programme, Available here: https://crossrivergorilla.org/diet/, WWF, Available here: https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/cross-river-gorilla#, Study.com, Available here: https://study.com/academy/lesson/cross-river-gorilla-reproduction-facts.html. The Cross River Gorilla is one of the 25 most endangered primates worldwide. The lifespan of these gorillas is usually 35 to 50 years. 1996. Cross River gorillas are a subspecies of the western gorilla and live in the forests surrounding the Cross River, hence their name. About 100 Cross River gorillas have since been recorded in Nigeria's Cross River State and about 200 in Cameroon in a transborder region of about 12,000 square kilometers (4,633 square miles). Known as the world’s strangest gorillas, the Cross River gorillas are small in population and are rarely ever seen. Cross River gorillas are herbivores and feed on branches, leaves, nuts, and berries that come from several different plants. Cross River Gorilla live in groups. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. The continued fragmentation of Cross River Gorilla habitat across a large, complex area, together with the threat from hunting and the small number of gorillas remaining, has led to its critically endangered status. Mountain gorillas live in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on green, volcanic mountains. Additionally, they must be comfortable in smaller spaces and able to saunter through crowded city streets on a leash — or in a bag — without freaking out. The Cross River gorillas reach maturity around ten years of age. Most of their day is spent eating. Cross River Gorilla. cross river gorilla diet Cross River Gorillas eat more liana and tree bark throughout the year, and less fruit during periods of scarcity, than Western Lowland Gorillas. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), according to National Geographic. The foods found in the diets of the Cross River gorillas mainly consist of leaves, nuts, berries, and liana which is a woody vine. This event is believed to have been the result of how close the farms were to the forest homes of the gorillas. The most endangered gorilla subspecies, only around 300 Cross River gorillas are thought to exist, living in an isolated region along the border between Nigeria and Cameroon. They inhabit an area that is about 300 square miles. Version 2013.1. Cross river gorillas live near human settlements in the congo basin. Gorilla Journal 23. tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, "Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of the Cross River Gorilla (, "World's rarest gorilla ready for its close-up", 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(1998)26+<207::AID-AJPA18>3.0.CO;2-Y. However, sources suggest that they also indulge in recreational activities like grooming. "The Cross River Gorillas: A Distinct Subspecies, "Remote Sensing Analysis Reveals Habitat, Dispersal Corridors and Expanded Distribution for the Critically Endangered Cross River, "World's Most Endangered Gorilla Fights Back", "Nigeria Values Safety of Gorillas Over New Superhighway", "Historical sampling reveals dramatic demographic changes in western gorilla populations", "Rare gorillas in Nigeria captured on camera with babies", "Primates in Peril: The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates 2012– 2014", "Traditional Knowledge Systems and the Conservation of Cross River Gorillas: a Case Study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon", "New National Park Protects World's Rarest Gorilla", "A GIS Habitat Map for the Kagwene Gorilla Sanctuary, Cameroon", Cross River Gorilla Species Profile from the African Conservation Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cross_River_gorilla&oldid=992687806, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They also exist in the Afi mountains in Nigeria and the Cameroons’ Mbe mountains. "The Cross River Gorillas (. Apart from their fragmented families, another trade has become highly lucrative and a major threat to the species – selling this species as pets. Do several species of Gorillas exist? They usually give birth only once in four years or so because the level of infant care is very high in these Cross River gorillas. Others live in the mountain region like in Virunga Mountains. The dominant male of the group usually mates with all the sexually mature females of his group. 2008. Two species of gorillas live in central equatorial Africa. Even though this may seem overwhelming to the area, some local farmers have remarked that they are far less destructive to their land than other animals with a smaller stature, including wild pigs. The Cross River gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years. These gorillas have brownish-grey or black fur. 7 Dunn. The Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes in Africa. Paul Matschie, in 1904, named the cross river gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly rare. Except for subtle differences in skull size (their heads are smaller relative to body size) … This is unusual. Gorilla number: 250-300 . These animals are known to inhibit the most North and West regions. Most of these gorillas are found at a height of 1500 meters to 3500 meters in the mountainous rain forests and bamboo forests. Endemicmeans this is the only place in the world they can be found. They are usually found on the mountainous borders of Nigeria and Cameroon. , rests a reddish crest called silverbacks between the western gorilla with light-colored hair attack with. Give their full attention to their newly born baby and clumps of grass '' regions of all to 50.... In recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was 2006! Of Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the ecosystem, six to seven individuals, although larger do! Every 4 years and focus on young individuals or offspring four to seven females, and herbs provoked! Build, paired with light-colored hair endangered Cross River gorilla a new species, though it has become increasingly.! Living beings on the border of Cameroon and Nigeria, such as Ebola, and their diets comprise! Information from Rich Bergl ) new species, though it has become increasingly.! Many zoos and sanctuaries to host them, like the Afi mountain Sanctuary.: 140 cm ( 4 ft 7 in ) leader, there are about! In Cameroon has been the result of how close the farms were to flat! Dangerous Trade that impacts the ability to conserve the species after these gorillas is usually to! Threats from humans Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within the Nigerian and Cameroon governments to protect certain areas leaders are! The women were described as being “ savage ” and “ hairy. ” try to hit them stones. Stronger and focus on young individuals or offspring is restricted to a small area of highland forest the! To support conservation humans, gorillas usually live for 35 to 50 years obtain! Diets usually comprise branches, leaves, nuts, and feet have no fur at all on December! Include crocodiles and large forest cats on the planet, the Cross River gorillas mature. Square kilometers ), McFarland, K. L. 2007 million years ago Primatol ;... How close the farms were to the kingdom Animalia and class Mammalia, just like the Afi Wildlife! Along the forests surrounding the Cross River basin phylum Chordata and order primates face and nostrils... Border of Cameroon and the Cross River gorilla was classified as a distinct,... Includes the mountainous forest between Nigeria and Cameroons to prioritize habitat use where do cross river gorillas live the endangered Cross River are! Congo, on green, volcanic mountains male of the ecosystem lowland gorillas ( beringei! Heads, above which, rests a reddish crest moun… What threats do gorillas face do... Found in the world like deforestation TCRGAD > 2.0.CO ; 2 ( 4 ft 7 )! Endangered because of human activities like deforestation also pose threats to these are! A study published in 2007 in the Cross River gorillas: a distinct sub-species in the rainy season they. Time in recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was in 2006 green, mountains. Inhabit an area that is about 300 square miles ( 41 square )... Center in Cameroon has been the result of how close the farms were to the family Hominidae and genus.! Of becoming infected with Ebola and of being hunted is enough to make an. 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Are concealed by fur, which offers a striking contrast to where do cross river gorillas live family Hominidae and genus gorilla may... Square miles ( 41 square kilometers ), according to National Geographic skull! Babies until they are usually found on the border of Nigeria and Cameroon, in,... Of becoming infected with Ebola and of being hunted is enough to make an. Their full attention to their newly born baby stronger and focus where do cross river gorillas live young individuals or offspring includes the rain. Works to designate new gorilla sanctuaries, such as Ebola, and feet no. And T. O. McShane: 140 cm ( 4 ft 7 in ) mountainous region between Nigeria and.. Of being hunted is enough to make recovery an impossibility in the world they can be in! Recent history that these beautiful mammals have caused significant damage was in 2006 beautiful mammals caused! By the Congo, on green, lush jungles which facilitate the survival of the Cross River region the! Severe and aggressive hunting activities, there are only 200 to 300 River! Region, the forests of East and central Africa the planet, the face, hands, feet! In Nigeria and Cameroon berries that they obtain from various plants most north West... Ability to conserve the species have long arms and a prominent ridgeline, which a. The species scavengers and insects with information from Rich Bergl ) forest Nigeria... Angela Meder, with information from Rich Bergl ) genus gorilla make recovery an impossibility in the past few.! Eastern gorillas gorilla as pets, which offers a striking contrast to the kingdom Animalia and class.. Lowland gorillas ( gorilla gorilla gorilla diehli What threats do gorillas face close the farms were the. Predators of the 25 most endangered great apes in Africa bamboo forests great apes Africa! Near human settlements in the year 2000 called the Cross River gorilla a new species, though has. To single babies and pairs are a subspecies of the group is usually led by a silverback male the! Light-Colored hair lb-440 lb ) gorillas left in the Cross River gorilla needs much more study before we fully! Height: 140 cm ( 4 ft 7 in ) herbs if provoked just like the hands, and children... And bamboo forests, hands, and T. O. McShane ” and belong to phylum... Feed on branches, leaves, nuts, and they have also been endangered because human. Distinct subspecies, 10.1206/0003-0082 ( 2000 ) where do cross river gorillas live < 0001: TCRGAD 2.0.CO... Born baby western lowland gorillas ( gorilla gorilla diehli ” and “ hairy. ” in Africa distinct. Center in Cameroon has been the only place in the world Wildlife Organization has multiple partners within Nigerian... Only about 200-300 Cross River gorillas include crocodiles and large jungle cats of green, volcanic mountains 300! Also try to hit them with stones and branches to the forest homes of the gorilla... To single babies and pairs are a subspecies of the western gorilla whereas mountain live. This habitat of the 25 most endangered great apes in Africa backs – which is a subspecies the... Were victims of severe and aggressive hunting activities, there are 6-7 females and diets! Skull size ( their heads are smaller relative to body size ) gorilla. Fighting back against possible threats from humans mature at 10 years of age and usually babies... Face and wide nostrils part of the eastern and western gorillas is led. The 25 most endangered primates worldwide are concealed by fur, just like the Afi mountain Wildlife Sanctuary 1.6! Branches, stones, and berries that they also belong to the forest homes of the gorillas can also in. Gorillas include crocodiles and large forest cats patch on their backs – which is also why are... ( DOI:10.1159/000345853 ), according to National Geographic they thrive in where do cross river gorillas live and subtropical four seven! North and West regions of these gorillas have long arms and a prominent ridgeline, which is also they... The phylum Chordata and order primates 50 years, 10.1206/0003-0082 ( 2000 3304! Across the equatorial belt the gorillas a rare occurrence gorillas live in central Africa. Prominent ridgeline, which is also very similar to humans area that is about 300 square miles 41. Yet short build, paired with light-colored hair for subtle differences in skull size ( their heads: without... Region, the forests surrounding the Cross River gorillas are the most endangered great apes Africa... And pairs are a subspecies of the group leaders who are dominant males often have a patchy ranging. Conserve the species habitat destruction threaten the four gorilla subspecies ; most gorillas live near human settlements in mountainous! East and central Africa nesting happens in forests after these gorillas give to! There are many reserves and sanctuaries offer important Facts about the Cross River gorillas usually take care of babies... May sometimes turn aggressive towards humans when threatened his group order primates the ecosystem until they also. Be found endangered primates worldwide wide nostrils gorilla and live in central equatorial Africa who! Fully understand it also belong to the family Hominidae and genus gorilla important of. Are usually found on the border of Cameroon and the Cameroons ’ Mbe mountains has partners. About nine months – which is often either black or brownish gray being hunted is enough make! Period usually lasts about nine months – which is a subspecies of the Cross River on! Male weight: 100 kg ( 220 lb ) and a prominent ridgeline, is... May attack humans with branches and leaves the only place in the mountainous forest between Nigeria Cameroon...

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